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Kakinada Port is situated in the East Coast of India in Latitude 16o56' N Longitude 82o15'E. This is an all weather Lighterage Port developed in a naturally sheltered bay called as Godavari Sand Spit.

It affords excellent protection to the water spread of the bay measuring about 100 Sq.Km. and renders complete protection to the Port of Kakinada from South - West Monsoon. Cargo is transported through privately owned Steel barges from ship to shore and vice versa through the commercial canal.

Constitution of the Expert Committee ::

Realising the Extraordinary potential for growth of traffic through the port of Kakinada, which could not be exploited due to lack of adequate Port facilities. The Government of Andhra Pradesh (GOAP) in G.O.Ms.No.74, public works (B1) Department, Date.20-1-1977 constituted a technical committee.The Committee as consituted under the Chairmanship of Sri.C.V.Gole to go into the probes relating to the preservation of the existing anchorage by arresting the growth of the sand spit and to suggest Developments required at the Port for handling about two Million Tonnes of Cargo annually.

Import of Gigantic Coal at Kakinada Port ::
While last year, 26 lakh tonnes of coal was unloaded at the Kakinada port, this year uptil now, only five lakh tonnes have been imported. It is learnt that the State Government has sent heavy indents to the countries from which coal is being imported in order to increase the imports.It is also learnt that the government is consulting companies importing other things to import sufficient coal to the State.

The Government accepted the report of the Gole Committee in toto vide G.O.Ms.No.270, PWD, Dated. 30-3-1973, Most of the recommendations of the committee with regard to provision of Port facilities like Construction of Wharves and Jetties, Transit shed, Approach roads, Railway sidings reclamation of low lying areas for stock yards, provision for mechanized barges, water and power supply navigational aids etc., were implemented during Vth and VIIth plans and 1990-91 and 1991-92 annual plan.With the provision of various infrastructure facilities recommended by the Gole Committee the Port is in a position to handle more than 2.5 Million Tons. of traffic per annum. During the years 1995-1996, the Anchorage Port has handled 2.23 Million of Tons of cargo.

Infrastructural Facilities
V.H.FThe Port control V.H.F functions round the clock at the following specified times.0545 to 0615 Hrs., 0745 to 0815 Hrs., 1045 to 1115 Hrs., 1245 to 1315 Hrs., 1445 to 1515 Hrs., 1745 to 1815 Hrs., 1945 to 2015 Hrs., 2245 to 2315 Hrs.
BERTHING680 M long continuous Wharf Wall-16 RCC wharf Wall with different face lengths giving a quayage length of 900 M.
CARGO STEEL BARGESThere are about 98 Private Steel Dumb Barges with total carrying capacity of about 35,400 Tons. From Ship to shore and vice versa.
FRESH WATERTwo Mechanized barges with a carrying capacity of 250 Tons each for supply of Fresh Water to ships owned by port Department. Prior arrangements to be made through the Agents of Vessels 24 Hrs.in advance.
GODOWNS55 Compartments of T.Shed / Godowns with floor area of 25,586 Sqm. Private Godown with Floor area of 1,00,000 Sqm.available in and around the Port.
OPEN STOCK YARD50,300 Sqm.of Open Stockyards close to water front available for stacking about 1,00,00 M.Tons of bulk cargoes.
WEIGH BRIDGES9 Nos.of Private Weight Bridges are available
QUID CARGO STORAGE3 L.P.G.Storage tanks each 30 M.Tons capacity are available. 3 shperes and Bullets are available at site in vakalapaudi with their capacity 500 Tons and 150 M.Tons respectively owned by M/S Sri Shakti L.P.G Limited, Kakinada. 4 Nos.of Palmolein storage tanks are also available owned by M/S Food Fats and Fertilisers Limited, Kakinada with storage capacity of 9,000 M.Tons
Deep Water Port Kakinada Deep Water Port with 3 Berths length 610 M.has been constructed with A.D.B.Loan assistance and commissioned from 10/96. Under privatization policy the same is now manned by Kakinada Sea port Private Limited from 1-4-99 onwards.

Ricebran ExtractionsTobaccoSalseed Extrations
Soap NeedlesIlluminated SandMica
Sunflower seed ExtractionsCotton seed ExtractionsOnion
Sesame cake ExtractionsMango Kernal ExtractionGround nut Extractions
Fruit JamSesame seed ExtractionsSoyabeen Extractions
Palm kernalExtractions TurmaricRapeseed Extractions
Mango KernalsFruit JuiceMachine Tools
WheatGround Nut KernalSalseed Extractions
Palmyrad FibreRiceSoyabeen Meal
TeaFibreFish Meal
CigarettesTopiaca dried ChipsGound nut Meal
Sunflower & seed ExtractionsCement ClinkerTipiaca C hips
Soyabean FlakesFeldsparSalseed Pellets
Yellow MaizeMaizeCement
Sunflower extractionsSugarSteel Pipes
Illepe ExtractionsCrude OilWheat Floor
BentoniteCotton seed mealSunflower Seed
Rape seed mealWheat BranCrushed bones,Harms, hoofs

Palm KernalsRape SeedRaw Rice Bran
Rock PhosphateM.O.P.Urea
Rice SolarCommon SaltS.O.P.
TeaIndustrial SaltH.P.K.
SugarSoyabean SeedRBD Palmolein
Sun Flower OilFertilizer of all kindsCement
Liquefied petroleum gas(L.P.G)

Exports & Imports
YearExports in TonnesImports in TonnesTotal in Tonnes

Potential and Efficiency of Kakinada Port ::

In the case of Kakinada Port, we can find easily that its potential from the view-point of cargo generation capacity of its hinter-land is being under-utilised. The level of infrastructure available at the port is found to be far short of the requirements for handling export/import cargoes belonging to the industries that have come up or are proposed to be set-up in the port's hinter-land.

Hence, for meeting the requirements of handling liquid cargoes like GFCL raw materials, POL or Hindusthan Petroleum Ltd., Etc., and for meeting the future requirements of growth and modernisation, the Deep Water Port facility is created with 150 crore ADB financial assistance.It has 3 Berths of length 610 M. and commissioned from October 1996. Under privatization policy the same is now manned by Kakinada Sea Port Private Limited from 1st April 1999 onwards.

Kakinada Port

The Port of Kakinada is on the Southern Part of East Coast of India at 16.56' (North) & Longitude 82.15'.(East). It is the principal sea port amongst the minor ports in INDIA and is under the control of the government of the State of Andhra Pradesh. The maritime history of the Port dates as far back as the year 1805, when the port of "Coringa" nearby had to be closed due to shoalir.g. The port activities for handling sailing ships of those days took place near about the present Jagannaickpur Bridge. In order to prevent silting in the navigational channel groynes were built extending them from time to time towards the sea, to a length of about 5 Kms. Thus the present commercial canal with a length of about 5 Kms. and width of about 70 Mts. had been formed for maintaining depths for boat navigation.

This port is classified as an intermediate port and is all weather sheltered anchorage port. Kakinada Bay, with water spread of about 2.5 Sq.Km. is encircled and protected upto three quarters of its perimeter by the mainland and the Godavari sand spit, also known as "Hope Island". This Island had originated about 200 years ago from the mouth of the river littoral drift along the shoreline and had extended to a length about 11 nautical miles so far, thus forming into a natural breakwater protecting the entire eastern portion from the fury of the sea and providing tranquility and shelter to the ships which are berthed at anchor in the Kakinada Bay. Thus, the port of Kakinada has become one of the safest natural harbours on the east coast of India.

Communications ::

The district is served by Rail line (Broad guage) double line from Rajahmundry to Tuni and single line from Kakinada to Samalkota covering a distance of 126 km only. Hence people have to depend upon Road Transport. Almost all the places in the district are connected by well-laid out roads. With the construction of the bridges across River Godavari at Alamuru, Yedurulanka, Chinchinada and Siddantham and Rail-cum-Road bridge at Rajahmundry connecting East and West Godavari Districts the movements of passengers and Transport of Goods to the several parts of the state had become easy. The District has a network of navigation canals also facilitate transport by boat. Mostly Agricultural commodities like Coconut and other goods are carried through water transport system.
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